Many teenagers participate in sexual activity but may be unaware of contraception, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted illnesses such as hepatitis C and HIV infection. Adolescents are less likely to utilize birth control and barrier protection if they are impulsive, lack forethought, or use drugs and alcohol concurrently.
Adolescents can utilize any of the adult contraceptive techniques. Adherence (for example, forgetting to take daily oral contraceptives or discontinuing them entirely—often without replacing another type of birth control) is the most prevalent issue.
Although male condoms are the most commonly used type of contraception, there are still misconceptions that may prevent regular usage (for example, that condom use reduces the pleasure and interferes with “romantic love”). Some female teens are likewise hesitant to ask their male companions to wear condoms during intercourse. Adolescents may experience severe emotional stress as a result of pregnancy. Pregnant teens and their partners frequently drop out of school or job training, jeopardizing their financial situation, hurting their self-esteem, and straining personal relationships.
Adolescents, particularly the extremely young and those who do not receive prenatal care, are more likely than women in their twenties to experience medical complications during pregnancy, such as anemia and preeclampsia. Infants born to young mothers (particularly moms under the age of 15) are more likely to be born preterm and with low birth weight. However, with competent prenatal care, older teenagers are no more likely to suffer pregnancy complications than adults from similar backgrounds.
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When their daughter tells she is pregnant or their son admits he has impregnated someone, parents may respond differently. Because some parents are happy and others are sad, feelings might vary from enthusiasm to apathy, disappointment, or even rage. It is critical for parents to convey their support and readiness to assist the teenager in making decisions. Parents and teenagers must discuss honestly about abortion, adoption, and motherhood, all of which are difficult decisions for an adolescent to make alone. However, before informing parents of a pregnancy, practitioners should test for domestic violence since disclosing the pregnancy may put vulnerable teenagers at danger.
You may experience some (or all) of the following symptoms in early pregnancy:
- Pains and aches (possibly in your lower abdomen and in your joints)
- Morning sickness is characterized by nausea or vomiting and does not occur only in the morning.
- Cravings and aversions to food
- Indigestion and heartburn
- A desire to urinate more often
- thrush in the cervix
- Itching, skin changes, and potentially skin tags
- hemorrhoids (also known as piles)
- cramping in the legs
- agitated legs (leg twitching at night)
- Varicose vein
- ankles, feet, and hands swelling
- fainting or dizziness
- exhaustion or a lack of energy
- Shortness of breath or nasal difficulties
- Bigger, more sensitive breasts
Teens that participate in hazardous activity are more likely to be sad or less able to cope with adolescent stress. Lower financial position and living in a single parenthood are frequently the result of similar sexual conduct in the parent and may be regarded as acceptable by the kid. Teenagers who grow up in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods where violence and child maltreatment are frequent may believe they are bound to a life of risk-taking. The dangers of early sexual engagement without contraception are widely documented. These children are more likely to have an undesired pregnancy at a younger age, increasing the likelihood that they would drop out and never return to school, restricting them to lower-paying jobs and a future as low-income, single parents themselves. As a result, the cycle frequently repeats itself.