NSVD (Normal Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery)

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NSVD (Normal Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery)

For mothers whose kids have reached full term, the majority of health professionals urge vaginal delivery. It is the easiest type of delivery process when compared to other birthing methods such as cesarean delivery and induced labor. A spontaneous vaginal birth is one that occurs without the need for doctors to use instruments to help pull the baby out. This happens after a pregnant lady has given birth. Her cervix dilates to at least 10 cm during labor.

The mucus plug is generally passed before labor begins. During pregnancy, this is a mucous clot that shields the uterus from germs. A woman’s water may rupture soon after. This is also known as a membrane rupture. It’s possible that the water won’t break until far after labor has begun, or even immediately before delivery. Strong contractions assist push the baby towards the delivery canal as labor develops.
The duration of labor differs from one woman to the next. Women who are having their first child usually go through labor for 12 to 24 hours, however women who have already given birth may only go through labor for 6 to 8 hours.

The following are the three phases of labor that indicate a spontaneous vaginal birth is imminent:

  • The cervix softens and dilates during contractions, making it flexible and broad enough for the baby to leave the mother’s uterus.
  • Until her baby is born, the mother must push her baby through her birth canal. 
  • Within an hour, the mother pushes out her placenta, the organ that provides nutrients and oxygen to both the mother and the baby via the umbilical cord.

What to Do and What Not to Do During Vaginal Delivery
The doctor or midwife may need to consider the following elements for a successful vaginal delivery:


  • Be prepared and educated about vaginal delivery procedures and equipment.
  • Obtain the mother’s or next-of-consent kin’s for vaginal delivery.
  • Reduce your mother’s anxiety.
  • Wait for labor to start on its own while keeping an eye on contractions, cervical dilation, fetal descent, and heart rate.
  • Place your delivery set, also known as a labor suit, in the right position beside the mother.
  • Prepare your oxytocics and arrange them in the right location.\
  • Put your sterile gloves on first.
  • Do careful waiting for the mother.
  • As labor continues and the baby emerges, perform a vaginal delivery.
  • When necessary, seek assistance.
  • Have newborn resuscitation equipment on hand and ready to use.


  • Do not deliver without the mother’s or next-of-permission. kin’s
  • Do not be afraid to seek assistance when necessary.
  • Use only sterilized equipment.
  • Do not attempt a vaginal birth without first confirming the availability of a helper, a senior midwife, or a doctor.
  • Do not attempt a vaginal birth without first prepping your delivery set.
  • Do not attempt a vaginal delivery without first checking for the presence of oxytocics.
  • Vaginal birth should not be attempted without first confirming the availability of newborn resuscitation equipment.
  • Check the functioning of your newborn resuscitation equipment before performing a vaginal birth.
  • Do not be distracted.

If the mother’s or baby’s safety is at risk, a different delivery method may be employed. If the infant is not positioned with the head down, if the baby is in distress, or if the baby is too big to pass through the pelvis, a cesarean section may be required.

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