- Macro & Micro Nutrients in Pregnancy
- Stretch marks are caused by what?
- 7 Ways to Prevent Stretch Marks
- Stretch marks are more common in some persons. The following are risk factors:
- Stretch mark medical procedures A dermatologist can provide further information on professional methods for reducing the appearance of stretch marks, such as:
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Macro & Micro Nutrients in Pregnancy
Inadequate dietary intakes or shortages in critical macronutrients and micronutrients can thus have a significant influence on pregnancy outcomes and newborn health. A growing body of research implies that the impacts of fetal feeding may last long into adulthood, with possible intergenerational consequences.Although a balanced and varied diet is still the best way to satisfy nutritional demands, some nutritional needs in pregnancy are difficult to meet with food alone. As a result, supplementation may be given, and food fortification programs such as salt iodization, vitamin D-fortified milk, and folate-fortified breads and cereals can also help women meet the higher nutritional demands of pregnancy. Maternal and newborn health outcomes can be significantly influenced by nutritional status throughout pregnancy. Maternal energy and protein requirements rise throughout pregnancy to maintain maternal homeostasis while promoting fetal development.
Stretch marks are caused by what?
Stretch marks are quite frequent, and they do not only affect pregnant people.
They can occur whenever the skin is stretched, such as when we are developing through puberty or gaining weight. Pregnancy hormone fluctuations might damage your skin and leave you more prone to stretch marks.
They occur when the skin’s central layer (dermis) gets stretched and fractured in areas.
Stretch marks can occur depending on your skin type, as some people’s skin is more elastic than others.Weight increase during pregnancy
Stretch marks are more common if you gain more weight than is normal during pregnancy. Most women gain 10 to 12.5kg (22 to 28lb) during pregnancy, however weight gain varies greatly across people.The amount of weight you acquire may be determined by your pre-pregnancy weight. It is critical that you should not diet to lose weight when pregnant, but rather consume a good, balanced diet. If you are concerned about your weight, speak with your midwife or doctor. They may advise you if you weigh more than 100kg or less than 50kg.
7 Ways to Prevent Stretch Marks
1. Maintain a healthy weight.
Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most important things you can do to prevent stretch marks, whether you’re pregnant or not. Stretch marks can appear when your skin rips apart rapidly as a result of fast weight gain. Stretch marks may also appear following fast weight reduction. Stretch marks can appear in certain people during periods of rapid development, such as puberty. Others, such as bodybuilders, notice them after making significant increases from working out or utilizing drugs. Working to prevent rapid changes in your body may be your best chance.2. Keep hydrated.
Drinking enough water may aid in keeping your skin moisturized and supple. Stretch marks do not appear as frequently on soft skin as they do on dry skin. The current Institute of Medicine guidelines for daily water consumption are 104 ounces for males and 72 ounces for women. Caffeinated drinks, such as coffee, may actually increase your chances of acquiring stretch marks. If you consume coffee, make sure to replace it with lots of water, herbal tea, and other caffeine-free drinks.3. Consume a nutrient-dense diet.
Stretch marks might also appear if you are deficient in key nutrients. Eating foods that promote skin health may be beneficial. Make sure your diet contains items high in:
Choosing unprocessed foods in a range of hues is one method to ensure you’re receiving a diversity of nutrients. A breakfast of eggs, whole wheat bread, and mixed berries, for example, brings many hues to your plate while also providing a range of nutrients.4. Increase your intake of vitamin C.
Collagen helps to keep your skin firm and supple. It not only helps to decrease the look of wrinkles, but it may also assist to avoid stretch marks. Vitamin C is an essential vitamin for collagen formation. Many fruits and vegetables contain vitamin C. Citrus fruits, such as oranges and lemons, are particularly high in vitamin C.5. Take in some vitamin D.
One study discovered a link between low vitamin D levels and the occurrence of stretch marks. More study is needed, but the findings imply that maintaining high vitamin D levels may minimize your chance of stretch marks. The most convenient way to obtain vitamin D is through sun exposure. Vitamin B12 is also routinely added to bread, cereal, and dairy products such as milk or yogurt.6. Consume zinc-rich foods.
Zinc is an essential vitamin for good skin health. It helps to decrease inflammation and aids in the healing of wounds. To present, there is very little evidence of a link between zinc and stretch marks, but eating zinc-rich foods like nuts and fish may help keep your skin healthy.
7. When new stretch marks emerge, treat them immediately.
If you can’t completely avoid stretch marks on your skin, you may attempt to make them less obvious in the long term. If you have new stretch marks, consult your doctor or a dermatologist to explore your alternatives. Your doctor can help you figure out what’s causing your stretch marks and may be able to recommend treatment alternatives that work best on fresh stretch marks.
Stretch marks are more common in some persons. The following are risk factors:
being a woman
having a stretch mark family history
being excessively fat
having a pregnancy
swiftly gaining or shedding weight
the use of corticosteroids
undergoing breast augmentation
having genetic abnormalities like Cushing’s syndrome or Marfan syndrome
- Retinoid cream
- Laser therapy
- Glycolic acid
Stretch mark medical procedures
A dermatologist can provide further information on professional methods for reducing the appearance of stretch marks, such as:
- Tretinoin ointment This treatment, also known as Retin-A and Renova, works by rebuilding collagen, a fibrous protein that gives your skin suppleness. This cream is best used on recent stretch marks that are red or pink in color. This cream may irritate the skin. You should not take tretinoin cream if you are pregnant.
- Cream containing hyaluronic acid. When applied frequently to early stretch marks, this may help. Most people are deemed safe to utilize hyaluronic acid.
- Laser treatment using pulsed dye. This therapy promotes collagen and elastin formation. This technique is more effective on newer stretch marks. If you have a darker skin tone, it may cause minor skin discoloration.
- Photothermolysis in fractions. A laser is used to target certain regions of your skin. It functions similarly to pulsed dye laser treatment, but with reduced risk of skin injury.
- Microdermabrasion. Polishing the skin with tiny crystals reveals fresh skin beneath the more elastic stretch marks. Microdermabrasion may help improve the look of older stretch marks in some circumstances.
- Laser treatment using excimer. This encourages the formation of skin pigment (melanin), causing stretch marks to resemble the surrounding skin more closely.
Again, no medical technique or prescription medication will guarantee the removal of stretch marks. Keep in mind that these procedures are not without danger of adverse effects, such as swelling, skin irritation, and redness.Professional treatments might sometimes be rather costly.
Pregnancy is one of the most prevalent causes of stretch marks in women. In fact, it is believed that 50 to 90 percent of pregnant women will develop stretch marks before giving birth. So, how are pregnant stretch marks different from other people’s? Maybe. Some specialists believe that pregnant hormones may make you more prone to stretch marks. Hormones may cause more water to enter the skin, relaxing it and making it more prone to tearing when stretched. This concept is being debated. Regardless, many pregnant women may begin to experience stretch marks around the sixth or seventh month of their pregnancy.
Stretch marks frequently disappear and become less visible over time. It might be difficult to prevent them, and no miraculous products have been clinically confirmed to help. Many lotions, oils, and other personal care products claim to help prevent stretch marks, however many of these claims are unsubstantiated by scientific evidence. They may not assist, but they are unlikely to harm in most circumstances. Maintaining a healthy weight, staying hydrated, eating a nutritious diet, and getting treatment as soon as the markings emerge may all help. If you observe an increase in stretch marks or if they cover a considerable region of your body, contact your doctor. Your doctor may be able to identify the source of your symptoms and provide treatment alternatives.